Nelson Mandela was the third South African to win the Nobel Peace Prize (in 1993) for his work in bringing about reconciliation in the country. Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years because of his Anti-Apartheid stance and later became the first Black President of South Africa. He shared the prize with F.W. De Klerk, the former president of South Africa, with whom he negotiated to bring about the first democratic election in the country. The two have been credited with helping South Africa avoid a racial and civil war.