After brain surgery in 1988, Hall of Fame tennis star Arthur Ashe discovered that he had been infected with HIV. Doctors traced the infection back to a blood transfusion he received after his second heart operation in 1983. He went public with his condition and established the Arthur Ashe Foundation for the Defeat of AIDS to provide treatment to AIDS patients and to promote AIDS research throughout the world. The Wimbledon champion died from AIDS-related illness at age 49 in 1993. Nearly 20,000 African-Americans would die from AIDS just two years later.